Seminários de Probabilidade 2022  1º Semestre

Seminários de Probabilidade  Primeiro Semestre de 2022
Coordenação: Professor Giulio Iacobelli e Professora Maria Eulalia Vares
As palestras ocorrem no Zoom (link para a sala) às segundasfeiras às 15h, a menos de algumas exceções devidamente indicadas.
Todas as palestras são em inglês.
Lista completa (palestras futuras podem sofrer alterações)

Probability Webinars  First Semester 2022
Organizers: Professor Giulio Iacobelli and Professor Maria Eulalia Vares
The talks take place on Zoom (link para a sala) on Mondays at 3pm, unless otherwise indicated.
All the talks are held in English.
Complete list (future talks might change)
11/07 (excepcionalmente às 15h30 e exclusivamente em formato presencial na sala B106B, Centro de Tecnologia)
In the talk we will consider a problem of small ball probabilities for Gaussian processes, which consists in finding the asymptotics of probability that a norm of a process is less than “epsilon” as “epsilon” tends to zero. This question arises in different areas: quantization of Gaussian vectors, metric entropy, etc. We will consider what is already known in the general situation and talk about more advanced results in L_2norm, for which the distribution is totally defined by eigenvalues of the covariance operator.
Access the slides here.
04/07
We consider the firstpassage percolation model with independent and identically distributed random variables on the random infinite connected component on a random geometric graph. We study sufficient conditions for the existence of the asymptotic shape.
This is a joint work with Lucas R. de Lima, A. Hinsen, B. Jahnel and Daniel Valesin.
Access the slides here.
20/06
We are interested in the study of a class of spin glass models introduced by Derrida under the name of Generalized Random Energy Models (GREM). They are based on Gaussian random variables on the hypercube {1,1}^N with an inherent hierarchical correlation structure. More specifically, we consider the 2GREM model evolving under the Random Hopping Dynamics at extreme time scales, where it is close to equilibrium, and visits the configurations in the support of the Gibbs measure. There are two scenarios that may be distinguished: the cascading case (studied by Luiz Renato Fontes and Veronique Gayrard in 2019) and the noncascading case. The cascading occurs when the ground states energies are achieved by adding up the ground states energies of the two levels. In the noncascading case the correlations are too weak to have an impact on the extremes and the system “collapses” to a Random Energy Models (REM). Also, in this case, the extremal configurations must differ in the first index, this phenomenon justifies the noncascading denomination for our system. In this work we got some results about the asymptotic behavior of the GREM model and the Random Hopping Dynamics in the noncascading case.
Joint work with Luiz Renato Fontes and Susana Frómeta.
Access the slides here.
06/06
Ballistic deposition is a classical model for interface growth in which unit blocks fall down vertically at random on the different sites of Z and stick to the interface at the first point of contact, causing it to grow. We consider an alternative version of this model in which the blocks have random heights which are i.i.d. with a heavy (right) tail, and where each block sticks to the interface at the first point of contact with probability p (otherwise, it falls straight down until it lands on a block belonging to the interface). We study scaling limits of the resulting interface for the different values of p and show that there is a phase transition as p goes from 1 to 0.
Joint work with Francis Comets and Joseba Dalmau.
Access the slides here.
23/05
Exponential Random Graphs are defined through probabilistic ensembles with one or more adjustable parameters. They can be seen as a generalization of the classical Erdos Renyi random graph, obtained by defining a tilted probability measure that is proportional to the densities of certain given finite subgraphs. In this talk we will focus on the edgetriangle model, that is a twoparameter family of exponential random graphs in which dependence between edges is introduced through triangles. Borrowing tools from statistical mechanics, together with large deviations techniques, we will characterize the limiting behavior of the edge density for all parameters in the socalled replica symmetric regime, where a complete characterization of the phase diagram of the model is accessible. First, we determine the asymptotic distribution of this quantity, as the graph size tends to infinity, in the various phases. Then we study the fluctuations of the edge density around its average value off the critical curve and formulate conjectures about the behavior at criticality based on the analysis of a meanfield approximation of the model.
Joint work with Francesca Collet and Elena Magnanini (available at https://arxiv.org/abs/2105.06312).
Access the slides here.
16/05 (excepcionalmente às 15h30 e exclusivamente em formato presencial na sala B106B, Centro de Tecnologia)
In this talk, we consider a particle moving linearly inside generalized parabolic domain with Markovian reflection at the boundary. Our goal is to determine, with respect to the reflection law, when the process is recurrent or transient. The central idea, which applies a class of nonhomogeneous random walks, is to find a Lyapunov function for the properly rescaled version of the problem. Next, we employ supermartingale methods to identify, given the reflection kernel, a phase transition, from recurrent to transient, as we change a single geometric parameter of the region for these stochastic billiards. The solution of this problem is done via a translation to a broad class of almost Markovian models, the halfstrip models, and makes use of some tools from functional analysis.
This is a joint work with Mikhail Menshikov and Andrew Wade.
Access the slides here.
09/05
We study an extension of the generalized excited random walk (GERW) on $mathbb{Z}^d$ introduced in [{em Ann. Probab. 40 (5), 2012}}] by Menshikov, Popov, Ramírez and Vachkovskaia. Our extension consists in studying a version of the GERW where excitation may/may not occur according to a timedependent probability. Specifically, given a sequence of parameters ${p_n}_{n ge 1}$, with $p_n in (0, 1]$ for all $n ge 1$, whenever the process visits a site at time $n$ for the first time, with probability $p_n$ it gains a drift in a given direction (could be any direction of the unit sphere). Otherwise, with probability $1p_n$, it behaves as a $d$martingale with zeromean vector. Whenever the process visits an alreadyvisited site, the process acts again as a $d$martingale with zeromean vector. We refer to the model as a GERW in Bernoulli environment, in short $p_n$GERW.
Under the same hypothesis of [{em Ann. Probab. 40 (5), 2012}}] (bounded jumps, uniform ellipticity) and with a sequence ${p_n}_{n ge 1}$ which decays polynomially, namelly $p_n = mathcal{C}n^{beta} wedge 1$ with $beta > 0$ and $mathcal{C}$ is a positive constant, we show a series of results for the $p_n$GERW depending on the value of $beta$ and on the dimension. Specifically, for $beta < 1/6$ and $dgeq 2$, we show that the $p_n$GERW has a positive probability of never returning to the origin in the drift direction, for $beta > 1/2$, $dgeq 2$ and $beta=1/2$ and $d=2$ we obtain, under certain conditions, a Functional Central Limit Theorem. Finally, for $beta=1/2$ and $d ge 4$ we obtain, under suitable conditions, that the $p_n$Name{} is a tight process, and every limit point $Y$ satisfies $W_t cdot ell + c_1 sqrt{t} preceq Y_t cdot ell preceq W_t cdot ell + c_2 sqrt{t}$ where $c_1$ and $c_2$ are positive constants, $W$ is a Brownian motion and $ell$ is the direction of the drift.
Access the slides here.
25/04
We consider general classes of integervalued gradient models, including the SOSmodel, on infinite regular trees. We discuss constructive results on the existence of localized Gibbs measures and delocalized gradient Gibbs measures, both in regimes of strong coupling. We also discuss the existence of measures which are not invariant under translations on the tree.
Joint work with Florian Henning.
Access the slides here.
11/04
After comprehensive work by Lacoin et al., the convergence to equilibrium of the onedimensional exclusion process is well understood. In particular, the mixing time and cutoff window are explicitly known. For the particular example of the reversible exclusion process in contact with reservoirs, we show how the mixing time depends on initial conditions which are relevant in the hydrodynamic limit of the exclusion process. The proof relies on logSobolev inequalities, relative entropy methods and the CLT for the density of particles. Joint work with Patricia Gonçalves (Lisbon), Rodrigo Marinho (Porto Alegre) and Otávio Menezes (West Lafayette).
Access the slides here.
07/03
Finite order Markov models are theoretically wellstudied models for dependent categorical data. Despite their generality, application in empirical work when the order is larger than one is quite rare. Practitioners avoid using higher order Markov models because (1) the number of parameters grows exponentially with the order, (2) the interpretation is often difficult. Mixture of transition distribution models (MTD) were introduced to overcome both limitations. MTD represent higher order Markov models as a convex mixture of single step Markov chains, reducing the number of parameters and increasing the interpretability. Nevertheless, in practice, estimation of MTD models with large orders is still limited because of the curse of dimensionality and high algorithm complexity. Here, we prove that if only few lags are relevant we can consistently and efficiently recover the lags and estimate the transition probabilities of high order MTD models. The key innovation is a recursive procedure for the selection of the relevant lags of the model. Our results are based on (1) a new structural result of the MTD and (2) an improved martingale concentration inequality. Our theoretical results are illustrated through simulations.
This is a joint work with Daniel Y. Takahashi (Ice/UFRN).
Access the slides here.
21/02
In this talk, we will discuss the dichotomy recurrence/transience and ballisticity in the context of a class of random walks that build their own domain. At each step of the walker on its domain, a random number of new vertices is attached to the walker’s position. We will present distributional conditions over this random number of new vertices for which we observe distinct sharp behavior on the walker. We also discuss structural results, that is, when this process is seen as a random graph model, the walker is capable of generating trees whose degree distribution approaches a powerlaw.
Access the slides here.
07/02
In most of the theoretical research about random systems with local interaction, the supposition that the set of particles, also called the space, does not change during the evolution is widely adopted. This supposition, which we call constant length, is not the only possible one. We will consider another approximation, called variable length. In this talk, for a class of onedimensional particle processes with discretetime, where its components are located in the integers set, we shall present a general theory and analyze (in a theoretical and numerical way) some random processes, studied by me with coauthors, which were motivated by this new paradigm.
Access the slides here.
24/01
I will sketch a proof of the following result: If a positiverate probabilistic cellular automaton has a Bernoulli invariant measure, then it is ergodic, meaning that its distribution starting from any configuration converges (exponentially fast) to that Bernoulli measure. The same result holds for (continuoustime) interacting particle systems. The proof is based on the entropy method, but unlike the usual entropy arguments, does not require the shiftinvariance of the starting measure. This result has a practical implication concerning the inevitability of heat dissipation in computers which I will briefly discuss. This is a joint work with Irène Marcovici.
Access the slides here.
10/01 (ADIADO)
We develop a novel cluster expansion for finitespin lattice systems subject to multibody quantum — and, in particular, classical — interactions. Our approach is based on the use of “decoupling parameters”, advocated by Park, which relates partition functions with successive additional interaction terms. Our treatment, however, leads to an explicit expansion in a betadependent effective fugacity that permits an explicit evaluation of free energy and correlation functions at small beta. To determine its convergence region we adopt a relatively recent cluster summation scheme that replaces the traditional use of KikwoodSalzburglike integral equations by more precise sums in terms of particular treediagrams.
Joint work with Nguyen Tong Xuan.